Bunions: What to Expect
A bunion (hallux valgus) is an enlargement of the joint at the base of the big toe that forms when the bone and support tissue move out of place. This forces the big toe to bend toward the others, causing an often painful lump on the inside foot.
Bunion — from the Latin “bunion,” meaning enlargement — can also occur on the outside of the foot along the little toe, where it is called a “bunionette” or “tailor’s bunion.” Although bunions tend to run in families, it is the foot type that is passed down — not the bunion. Other causes of bunions are foot injuries, neuromuscular disorders and congenital deformities.
You may get bunions if:
- The way your foot is shaped puts too much pressure on your big toe joint. Because bunions can run in families, some experts believe that the inherited shape of the foot makes some people more likely to get them.
- Your foot rolls inward too much when you walk. A moderate amount of inward roll, or pronation, is normal. But damage and injury can happen with too much pronation.
- You have flat feet.
- You often wear shoes that are too tight.
At St. Augustine Foot and Ankle, we will ask questions about your past health and carefully examine your toe and joint. Some of the questions might be: When did the bunions start? What activities or shoes make your bunions worse? Do any other joints hurt? We will examine your toe and joint and check range of motion. This is done while you are sitting and while you are standing so that we may see the toe and joint at rest and while bearing weight
X-rays are often used to check for bone problems or to rule out other causes of pain and swelling. An MRI may be ordered if there is a suspicion of soft tissue damage. Other tests, such as blood tests are sometimes done to check for other problems that can cause joint pain and swelling. These problems might include gout, rheumatoid arthritis, or joint infection.
With our experience at St. Augustine Foot and Ankle we will do everything we can to help with your bunions and get you back to your regular activity. If you suspect you have a bunion or are feeling pain in your ankle or foot of any kind please give us a call to set an appointment as soon as possible at (904) 824-0869 or feel free to email us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Some of the information above was found at www.WebMD.com